• New York State Court of Appeals
  • No. 189
  • Opinion by Chief Judge Lippman. Judges Ciparick, Graffeo, Read and Smith concur. Judge Pigott dissents in an opinion.
  • For Plaintiff: James M. Rose, for respondent Lazzari.
  • For Defendant: Vincent Toomey, for appellants. Thomas G. Gardiner, for respondents Zeman, et al. New York State Conference of Mayors and Municipal Officials, amicus curiae.